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Maximilian Schell was born in Vienna in 1930. The Austrian-born lead made his screen debut in the mid-1950s and appeared in a number of German films before arriving in Hollywood in 1958. Schell earned an OSCAR for Best Actor for his role as a defense attorney in Judgement at Nuremberg (1961) and received similar acclaim for his character roles in films such as The Man in the Glass Booth (1975) and Julia (1977). In the meantime, he turned to production, with a 1968 adaptation of Franz Kafka's The Castle, and direction, with First Love (1970), based on a story by Turgenev. He wrote, produced and starred in his second feature as a director, The Pedestrian (Der Fuessgaenger, 1973), which was nominated for an OSCAR for Best Foreign Film. Schell's fascinating 1984 documentary, Marlene, centered on an "interview" with Marlene Dietrich. His most recent films as a director include: Candles in the Dark (TV, 1993), and Meine Schwester Maria (2002).