Jean-Marie Straub was born in 1933 in Metz/France and grew up speaking French and German during the German occupation of France. He studied in Strasbourg and Nancy and worked in Paris with, among others, Abel Gance, Jean Renoir, Alexandre Astruc and Robert Bresson before meeting and teaming up with his wife Danièle Huillet. In 1958, they moved to Germany where his film Not Reconciled or Only Violence Helps Where Violence Rules (Nicht versoehnt oder Es hilft nur Gewalt, wo Gewalt herrscht, 1965) caused a great scandal at that year's Berlinale. Straub and Huillet have since then become prominent directors with such films as Machorka-Muff (1963), Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach (Chronik der Anna Magdalena Bach, 1968), Othon (1969), History Lessons (Geschichtsunterricht, 1973), Moses and Aaron (1974), Class Relations (Klassenverhaeltnisse, 1984), From Today Until Tomorrow (Von heute auf morgen, 1997), and Sicily! (Sicilia!, 1999), among others.